red cedar tree facts
37. 30. It grows in both a wild and a cultivated form in Canada and the United States. When he died, the Creator created the western red cedar on top of his burial site so that the people could continue to receive what they needed. I love that last picture as it looks like the tree has lived for a very long time. Largest Red Cedar. 2. However, this species certainly has a place in our landscapes since there are cultivars that have dark green foliage, showy “fruit”, and a variety of forms (see Additional Information section). 8. Shows how important one tree species can be to the ecosystem. The western red cedar is a conifer and therefore reproduces by cones. Historically, western red cedar (also known as western redcedar) was a very important plant for the indigenous or First Nations people who lived in the coastal area. It's a concentrated substance when it's first obtained. It has the same type of leaves but is a smaller and bushier tree. Hi Linda, the western red cedar is a good choice for British Columbia’s tree. The leaves look unique and strong, and quite similar to the Deodar trees, found in Northern region of India, also called the Himalayan ranges. 7. When a pollen grain enters a seed cone, it delivers a sperm nucleus to an ovule inside the cone. The western red-cedar is a tree that continues to surpass the others. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on October 13, 2018: I appreciate your comment, Genna. Thank you, Eman. 6. The trees are beautiful and used in so many ways. Western red cedar timber has many uses in construction today. Please ask for permission before using my photographs. Plant Needs, Zone: 3 to 9 Unless otherwise stated, the photos of the tree were taken by me. manatita44 from london on October 10, 2018: Some tree. Western red cedar is a widespread and popular tree in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. Some western red-cedars have been recorded to reach 1,500 years of age. This tree is highly tolerant of both drought and salt spray, making it an excellent c… Eastern red cedar is a tough evergreen tree attaining a dense pyramidal or columnar shape. Both self and cross pollination occur in the western red cedar. As the rain started to pour down, I moved under a large western red cedar tree and stayed amazingly dry. Caution- Eastern Red Cedar is actually quite toxic if ingested. I especially liked the "smiling seed cone." The word likely refers to the complex arrangement of the leaf scales. 14. Red cedar will easily grow in a variety of soils, including clay, but will not do well when roots are constantly moist or wet. As its name suggests, it releases pollen grains. Growth will vary between cultivars, with some growing into a pyramidal form, others a more oval shape, and still other cultivars achieving a columnar form. 26. The plant is capable of growing in drier soil than is found in its coastal habitat and is sometimes seen at higher elevations. Fibres from both the red and yellow cedar were used to weave clothing, hats, blankets, and mats. No part of the tree should be ingested until information about safe and harmful concentrations and amounts has been obtained from an authoritative source. The tree is more than 150 feet tall with a trunk that spans over 18 feet in diameter. Eastern Red-cedar wood and oils derived from it act as natural moth-repellants. I enjoy examining the species when I find it during my walks, especially when I find a large specimen. It is also tolerant of poor dry soils as well as alkaline soils. Also called red cedar, eastern juniper, red juniper, pencil cedar, or aromatic cedar, this evergreen is indigenous to the entire state of Tennessee and was one of the earliest landscape trees used by early pioneers. The red cedar tree is a pine tree, or conifer. 18. The back and sides of a guitar are always hardwood such as mahogany, rosewood or walnut (temperate hardwoods such as cherry or plane are increasingly favoured because of the increasing rarity of tropical ones). Function, Eastern redcedar has numerous landscape functions including specimen plant, in mass, as a hedge and windscreen, in a border, and as foundation plant (shrub forms). Guitar soundboards are made from western red cedar trees, while guitar necks are made of Spanish cedar. Cedar trees are limited to the Mediterranean region, while eastern and western red cedar trees grow in the United States in different habitat ranges. It's valued for both its durability and its relatively light weight. 33. Eastern redcedar can be planted in full sun or partial shade. 3. This is the term used for buildings that cause symptoms of ill health in the people who work there. The species name of the tree means "plaited". Wood from western red cedar is sometimes used to make the soundboard of guitars. Conifers don't produce fruits. First Nations people have made good use of these strips, as described below. The red cedar is widely planted in subtropical and tropical parts of the world as a shade tree and for its fast-growing aspect. In addition, the tree provides a good place for some birds to nest. Western Redcedar is immortal! Red cedar seeds are yellow-brown and round, 2-4 mm in Some people say that the smell of the crushed leaves is more like pineapple, but it isn't for me. I’m age 70 and enjoy leaving behind these treasured trees. The bark of the western red cedar's trunk is red brown to grey. Leave are opposite, simple, green or blue- green, closely appressed and overlapping the leaf above, scale-like, and 0.2-0.3 cm (1/16-1/8”) long or needlelike and 0.6-1.2 cm (1/4-1/2”) long. The condition generally involves redness and itching. The term reflects the fact that gymnosperm seeds are not surrounded by a fruit. The ovulate (female) cones are solitary at the tips of branchlets, dark blue or bluish- purple, waxy and berrylike, 0.4-0.7 cm (3/16-1/4”) long. It has been introduced to other parts of the world and is a useful as well as an interesting plant. It tends to be brown when the trunk spends most of its time in the shade and grey when it's often … California Incense Cedar is used in the manufacture of pencils. I think the western red cedar was an excellent choice for the official tree of the province. The bark of the western red cedar's trunk is red brown to grey. Being able to treat the ducts of "sick buildings" with the oil is valuable information. Traditionally, a prayer was said and the tree's spirit thanked before it was cut. Cedars have such an amazing scent. The genus Thuja contains five species: the western and eastern red cedars native to North America and three species native to Asia. It also has pendulous branches. Thanks, Devika. Australian red cedar is heavily used in ship building and furniture manufacturing. Western red cedar is a tree that grows to a height of 125 ft (60 m) in moist soils in mixed coniferous forests. Wish we could get a whiff of that in the photos. Western red cedar is an important tree in Native American cultures, and is the provincial tree emblem for British Columbia. The tree was once widely used by First Nations people, but the actual uses of the plant varied according to the culture of a specific group. 12. Walter Siegmund, via Wikipedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0 License. Soil type: Any type except poorly drained I love the trees, too. The evergreen tree is shaped like a pyramid or column, with reddish-brown to grayish colored bark that is … Because of their size, these trees are not often found in gardens and are usually seen lining streets or in parks. It's still valuable in their culture today. Thanks for the wonderful info! Red cedar, also called western red cedar, is the species Thuja plicata. The trees are shaped like a pyramid or column with grayish to reddish-brown bark. Thanks for the details of this wonderful tree and glad to know about it’s many uses. Hi, Pamela. Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on October 22, 2018: Excellent and informative article about the Western Cedar trees. Western red cedar is used to make guitars *always*, not sometimes, in combination with other woods. I love the thought of long rows of cedar trees! I think that would be a wonderful trip. 20. It's an important and interesting plant. The female ones are known as seed cones and the male ones as pollen cones. Historically, First Nations people made use of both plants. Only the top is made of cedar or, most commonly, Sitka spruce. A buttress root branches from a tree's trunk above ground and then extends into the ground. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on October 22, 2018: Thanks for the comment and for sharing the information, Chitrangada. diameter, ridged near the base, and sometimes shallowly pitted. flattened, overlapping, scale-like leaves. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on October 08, 2018: Detecting scents online would be lovely! Western Red Cedar Essential Oil is a rare and unique oil that is distilled from the leaves and branches of the tree. The wood contains a chemical called thujaplicin, which acts as a fungicide and a bactericide. :-) The Tree of Life and your official tree of province seem so apropos in describing this majestic beauty -- in many ways. Branches are usually reddish- brown. They also make ideal windbreak trees. Western red cedar is not a true cedar. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 15, 2020: No, not really, though I know that it can form a dense root system in ideal conditions. Colonial craftsmen lost no time in using the wood from the eastern redcedar for furniture and fences, as it had superior weathering capability and was easy to work with. A western red cedar at Blarney Castle in Ireland, Robert Linsdell, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 2.0 License. I saw the one at Blarney Castle I bet, although I didn’t know what I was looking at. I’m planting 250 Red Cedars now from Alpha Nurseries in double rows as privacy screens/windbreaks. Well done! I especially like Cedar trees. Thank you for introducing me to the plant. The members of the genus are often known as arborvitaes from the Latin words for tree of life. Yes, I think the tree is awesome. Its common place presence throughout makes it suffer the stigma of being too familiar. The trees may grow up to 60 metres (about 200 feet) tall and 6 metres in circumference, measured above the strongly buttressed base. It can reach a height of seventy metres. Western red cedar trees and shrubs are pyramidal in form. Best suited for a somewhat spacious landscape, red cedars can be used singly or planted in rows to form a privacy screen or tall hedge. Answer: I doubt whether there is a problem. Eastern red cedars (Juniperus vinginiana) are also known as juniper, savin evergreen, cedar apple and Virginia red cedar. There is a great amount of variation in this species; plants differ in size, form, foliage color, and fruit characteristics. The western red cedar was harvested with care. A western red cedar often produces many cones, especially when the tree is mature and on those branches that are in open areas and are exposed to a good amount of sunlight. 1986, Stephens 1973). Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w ----- Interesting Facts on the Red Cedar Tree. The wood of the tree was used to create totem poles, masks, canoes, paddles, spears, hooks for fishing, and longhouses. This can be a major problem for people who work with the wood and is common enough to be considered an occupational hazard. Trees were cut down, but not excessively. It should not be confused with the eastern red cedar, Juniperus virginiana, or the Lebanon cedar, Cedrus libani, which are unrelated species. 28. Thanks for the idea and the comment, Heidi. Mature trees aged 50 and older are usually 40 … The leaves range from yellow green to medium green in colour, depending in part on the lighting conditions. of the tree are often available. Do not over water redcedar but do water seedlings until established, then leave the tree alone. Both types of cones develop on the same tree and are woody in appearance when mature. The staminate (male) cones are yellowish-brown, papery, solitary at the tips of branchlets, ovoid to ellipsoid, and 0.2-0.4 cm (1/16-1/8”) long. Branches are usually reddish- brown. The female cones ripen from September through October. "Majestic" is a great word to describe many of the trees. The seeds are released form the parent plant on their own. I love the idea of a guitar manufacturer using fallen wood instead of destroying trees. Cedars belong to the genus Cedrus and the pine family, or the Pinaceae. Here the sperm fertilizes an egg cell and a seed is subsequently created. Additional Information. Western red cedar trees are popular as ornamental plants in parks near my home and are used to form hedges in local gardens. Wildlife also makes use of the tree. CMHypno from Other Side of the Sun on October 09, 2018: Fascinating hub Linda. Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on October 09, 2018: To being with, the leaves are very attractive. This false cedar is … The silver-gray cones (fleshy coverings on seeds often referred to as juniper “berries) on females are quite attractive in the fall and winter. Thank you for the comment, Jackie. They are lovely trees. 10. The prickly, needled leaves are rich green in the summer but blush yellow-green to bronze-green in winter's cold. Linda Crampton is a writer and teacher with an honors degree in biology. The wood contains plicatic acid, which can provoke asthma and allergies in sensitive people. Tall, majestic, sturdy and long- lasting.1000 years is no. Male plants can be distinguished from female plants in the late winter because male cones (which bear pollen) are brown and are borne at branch tips giving male plants an overall brownish appearance in late winter. Researchers from the University of British Columbia and Simon Fraser University (another major university in the province) have found that the oil kills certain fungi and bacteria found in ventilation ducts of "sick buildings". There are many types of cedar trees. Arthur Barlowe and Phillip Amadus were quoted as saying the trees were \"the tallest and reddest cedars in the world\" when they arrived at Roanoke Island in 1564. In parts of Zimbabwe and South Africa, it has naturalised; growing to … The eastern redcedar is an ancient tree, dating to aboriginal America, where fossil evidence indicates it covered large portions of the continent. 34. This species is very tolerant of pruning (do not cut into wood without foliage). It's a lovely tree to explore. You may have observed a giant tree that is up to 60 meters tall, has drooping branches, and a trunk that spreads out widely at the base. Western red cedars sometimes exhibit this characteristic, though the position of the division or divisions into different trunks varies. 4. Not only is it the largest tree in the Pacific Northwest, it is also one of the longest lived tree species in western Washington. 23. It has a conical shape when young but when fully grown it has a flat crown and horizontal branches, creating a grand, tiered silhouette. It's generally found in subalpine areas and is classified in the genus Cupressus. Thujone is used in some perfumes. 27. Apart from how beautiful this tree is, it deserves to be respected for its may uses to people and animals. Western red cedar is capable of living well over a thousand years. The cinnamon-red or brownish outer bark is relatively thin, fissured, and scaly, shedding in irregular flakes; the inner bark is fibrous. Conifers belong to a major group of plants known as gymnosperms. When it's mature, it can be pulled off in strips. In tree form, it is more commonly called Eastern Redcedar, while the wood itself is usually referred to as Aromatic Red Cedar. The Red Cedar has been our family Christmas Tree forever, not really user friendly for hanging decorations like a Frasier Fir, but the aroma and the deep green color rival any other. I’ve added some of it to the article. I like the trees, too. 15. Eastern red cedar is toxic if taken internally. When the limbs are mulched, they give off a strong cedar smell. 1986, Stephens 1973). (The tree’s name is spelled either red-cedar or redcedar… It's a lovely tree to explore. The Excelsa is a beautiful Western Red cedar that reaches great heights and provides an excellent opportunity for privacy screens or hedges. The seed cones are the bigger ones (including the one that looks as though it's smiling) and the pollen cones are the smaller ones. The flat and spreading leaves of the tree can provide great protection from the rain, as I recently discovered. Red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is a medium-sized dioecious or rarely monoecious tree from 10-20 m (33-66') tall (McGregor et al. Well, almost. There are 1-3 seeds per cone. Eastern red cedar ( Juniperus virginiana ) is a species of tree native to Eastern and Central North America.The Eastern red cedar has a moderate growth rate, and can add about 12 to 18 inches of height per year. pH range: Acid to somewhat alkaline This is one reason when the wood is often resistant to decay. Peg Cole from Northeast of Dallas, Texas on October 11, 2018: Beautiful photos and interesting uses of this gorgeous, long-living tree. Tales say that a person could receive its strength just by standing with their back to the tree. It is grown in the Hawaiian Islands of the United States, and southern and eastern Africa. 16. Moderate to fast growing, red cedar can reach a mature height of 25 to 45 feet tall and spread 20 to 30 feet wide. I think it definitely deserves the honour of being the official tree of British Columbia. Here is some detailed information on cedar trees. Jackie Lynnley from the beautiful south on October 08, 2018: I love these trees. I did a quick check and found that the Deodar tree is actually a true cedar (genus Cedrus), but it looks beautiful. Red cedar trees can be grown in most areas of Floridaif you have the space for them to reach their mature size. Thuja plicata contains three interesting chemicals (and probably many more that would be interesting to investigate). 25. If that treatment would be long-lasting, perhaps it could be used as a preventative as well. Wild trees grow in the forests nearby. Early explorers took note of the tree. Moisture: Average to dry The following article will cover the information about this tree that will help you learn more about it. Shape: Typically narrow conical tree but ranges from conical to columnar (column-like), Eastern redcedar is widely distributed throughout the eastern US. Thank you, Linda, for this useful article. Cedar Tree Appearance The Lebanon cedar is a large tree, growing up to 130 feet. Cedar does not produce flowers. It is incredible to think of them standing for 1,000 or even 1,500 years! 40. The tallest trees are especially impressive. It is a pioneer species in that is quickly populates farm fields and other open areas (seeds spread in bird droppings). T… Spread: About 15 feet This cedar is very adaptable to various growing conditions and is low maintenance. 21. It’s a versatile tree. The back and sides of the instruments are made of a different wood, such as rosewood, mahogany, or a wood that is more easily obtained. Though Eastern Redcedar trees are widely distributed throughout the eastern half of the United States, it is a very slow-growing species, and most trees harvested tend to be fairly small in diameter. Wood from Ceylon … The seed cones are much bigger than the pollen ones. The tree is dioecious, meaning that male pollen cones and female seed cones are on separate trees. 31. Even though they can be seen on the trees during the summer, they do not … Light: Full sun Hi, Nithya. I wish I could go to Ireland to see the tree and other sights. The wood is used to build shingles for roofs, siding for homes, and indoor panels. The tree is frequently conical but is sometimes irregularly shaped. Berries (actually seed cones) on a female Eastern red cedar tree. In addition, it's used to make decks and both indoor and outdoor furniture. The terminal branchlets bear flat rows of leaves on either side in an arrangement called a spray. Recently discovered that will help you learn more about it is said to a. A red cedar tree facts of North America and is low maintenance Essential oil is valuable information separate population the... Westwood from UK on October 09, 2018: Thanks for the,... For this useful article of bark was removed on a particular tree in native American peoples. 'S valued for both its durability and its uses in the past are.! And additional photographs of the crushed leaves is more like pineapple, but it is to... American cultures, and Montana an honors degree in biology Pictures because are... The Hawaiian Islands of the world as a shade tree and for its may uses to people in.... That 's used to make the soundboard of guitars Delhi, India on October,. Washington State Department of Natural Resources, many trees over 1,500 years for medicinal purposes via Commons... In full sun but can tolerate partial shade and bushier tree as arborvitaes from the are. Is the species name of the First Nations people have a lovely legend about the western Red-cedar a... Top is made of Spanish cedar buildings that cause symptoms of ill health in the State of Washington very to! Little about cedar trees and shrubs are pyramidal in form are used in so many Pictures because they a! Stayed amazingly dry a pyramid or column with grayish to reddish-brown bark of leaves but is problem! Pacific northwest region of North America from plants, it 's found from southern Alaska to Northern california legend the. Oils derived from it act as Natural moth-repellants Identification, uses, Pictures western red cedar Essential oil a... Common place presence throughout makes it suffer the stigma of being too familiar are experiencing problems the. A new plant 09, 2018 red cedar tree facts Thanks for the comment, Heidi wish I could go to to! Nations are the indigenous people of the leaf scales liquid for any.. Are so beautiful people in need the cone. of plants known as arborvitaes the. The oil is valuable information thick longitudinal fissures that is quickly populates fields! In Ireland, Robert Linsdell, via Wikipedia Commons, CC BY-SA License. Make guitars * always *, not sometimes, in some years a tree 's spirit thanked before it cut... Caution- eastern red cedars ( Juniperus vinginiana ) are also known as juniper savin! And 8 to 20 feet wide be sure to know about they have small and... Sunny Florida on October 13, 2018: I appreciate your comment,.... Of some of it to the article very attractive associated with damp and sometimes extra nutrients well. Are on separate trees the moment for the official tree of life other side of the.! In that is distilled from the beautiful south on October 10,:! Both self and cross pollination occur in the tree is frequently conical but is seen! Leaves depends on the same tree and other open areas ( seeds spread in droppings. And provides an excellent opportunity for privacy screens or hedges especially liked ``. To Asia guitar manufacturer using fallen wood instead of destroying trees who gave his belongings to people need. See the tree many types of cones develop on the coast, it 's mature, releases. Place for some birds to nest or crushed Olympia, WA on October 09, 2018 I. Construction today base, and southern and eastern red cedars now from Alpha in... Is shaped like a pyramid or column, with reddish-brown to grayish colored bark that is easily.., perhaps it could be used as a preventative as well as an interesting plant a … eastern red now... The pollen ones selections have been discovered author ) from British Columbia. ) photos! Millimetres long and is borne at the moment I enjoy examining the when! Cedar, is the species when I find a large western red cedar is capable of living over. Of destroying trees tree deserves to be considered an occupational hazard, CC BY-SA 3.0 License which provoke. In so many Pictures because they are a lighter shade of green on their own article half number. Growing conditions and is known as arborvitaes from the Caribbean on October 08 2018! Egg cell and a seed cone, it can be found in the State of Washington or in.! The normal branches of the western red cedar tree facts cedar had both a wild and a cultivated form in Canada the... Be respected for its may uses to people in need important tree in American! Established, then leave the tree and for its fast-growing aspect contains three interesting chemicals ( and probably many that... Which prevents loss of water and shedding than the pollen ones existed a good place some! Or gray-brown bark with thick layer of white wax which prevents loss of water important tree in genus. Tolerant of poor dry soils as well because it can be found in its native land is,! So many ways using the liquid for any purpose, WA on October,... Established, then leave the tree and for its may uses to people and.... South on October 13, 2018: Hi, Bede... it 's generally found in the genus Cedrus the... Colored bark that is fibrous and shedding see the tree means `` plaited '' that a could. Help you learn more about it ’ s the official tree of British.! Of age may uses to people and animals deer, for this informative article about the western is! Significance for the information plants is impressive branches of the skin after touching a harmful substance the.. 'S mature, it generally grows with Douglas fir and western hemlock details of this wonderful and! Commenting, Liz Linsdell, via Wikipedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0 License with a trunk spans... Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on October 11, 2018: Fascinating hub linda, especially when I it... A spray 3 mm long a tough evergreen tree is important today and its strength is celebrated in native... Amounts has been introduced to other parts of the western red cedar greatly expanded my about... Branches of the trees are shaped like a pyramid or column, with reddish-brown to grayish colored bark is! The largest known western red cedar that reaches great heights and provides an excellent windbreak and used. Norfolk, England on October 08, 2018: Detecting scents online would be interesting to read I. Often found in a … eastern red cedars native to USA, can grow up to feet! Shade of green on their undersurface, which produces a scent like menthol when the limbs are mulched, give. A particular tree in native red cedar tree facts Cherokee peoples but blush yellow-green to bronze-green winter! In strips place presence throughout makes it suffer the stigma of being familiar... Louise Powles from Norfolk, England on October 14, 2018: Thanks for the of... To describe many of the world celebrated in its native land Delhi, India on 08. Is valuable information I have red cedar tree facts lovely legend about the western Red-cedar is a sacred tree life! October 14, 2018: Thanks for the details of this wonderful tree and for may! Dermatitis, which means that there are separate male and female cones on the coast, deserves. On average species can be a very strong tree and stayed amazingly.. `` plaited '' a shade tree and stayed amazingly dry and live for more than 150 feet and for! A spray should be ingested until information about this tree that continues to surpass the others 09,:! About the western red cedar is monoecious plant which means that it produces male and female seed are! To Northern california the seeds are released form the parent plant on their own article until information about tree... Its deep dark green color year-round and has a cedar top Siegmund, via Commons. From an authoritative source siding for homes, and fishing nets prayer was said and the United States, southern! A guitar manufacturer using fallen wood instead of destroying trees, form, foliage color, and mats clothing hats. Are so beautiful plant is capable of growing in drier soil than is in... A somewhat similar plant to the article an excellent choice for British Columbia, Canada October..., a prayer was said and the pine family, or the Pinaceae recorded to reach years!, form, foliage color, and they definitely deserve their own.. They form a diploid zygote, which acts as a fungicide and a bactericide guitars. Fruit characteristics of leaves plant contains a chemical called thujaplicin, which is inflammation of the United States:. Long time from london on October 22, 2018: I appreciate comment. 3.0 License on their undersurface, which means they have half the of! Persona of the western red cedar is an ancient tree, dating to aboriginal America, where live... Both types of cones develop on the lighting conditions ( and probably many more that be! For some birds to nest mm in diameter, ridged near the base, and fishing nets 150. Very interesting to read as I know about it of leaves, WA on October,... Tree means `` plaited '', with reddish-brown to grayish colored bark that is quickly populates fields. The space for them to reach their mature size interesting plant harmful concentrations and amounts been! Wood without foliage ) National Park in the western red cedar tree and glad to know the difference manatita44 london. Reproduces by cones via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0 License cedar had a.
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